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Title: A Bifactor Model of Negative Affectivity: Fear and Distress Components Among Younger and Older Youth
Authors: Ebesutani C.
Smith A.
Bernstein A.
Chorpita B.F.
Higa-McMillan C.
Nakamura B.
Keywords: Anxiety;Bifactor;Negative affectivity;PANAS-C;Positive affectivity
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Psychological Assessment
Citation: Volume 23, Issue 3, Page 679-691
Abstract: The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule for Children (PANAS-C) is a 27-item youth-report measure of positive affectivity and negative affectivity. Using 2 large school-age youth samples (clinic-referred sample: N = 662; school-based sample: N = 911), in the present study, we thoroughly examined the structure of the PANAS-C NA and PA scales and fit a bifactor model to the PANAS-C NA items. Our exploratory factor analytic results demonstrated that negative affectivity is comprised of 2 main components-NA: Fear and NA: Distress-specifically among older youth. A bifactor model also evidenced the best model fit relative to a unidimensional and second-order factor structure of the PANAS-C NA items. The NA: Fear group factor evidenced significant correspondence with external criterion measures of anxiety. However, the original PANAS-C NA scale evidenced equal (and in some cases greater) correspondence with criterion measures of anxiety. We thus recommend continued usage and interpretation of the full PANAS-C NA scale despite the identification of the fear and distress group factors underlying general negative affectivity. The identification of these fear and distress group factors nonetheless suggest that negative affectivity may be comprised largely of a fear and distress component among older youth. The implications of these findings are discussed in relation to better understanding the structure of psychopathology across childhood development and informing the development of future treatments of negative emotions. © 2011 American Psychological Association.
Appears in Collections:Clinical Psychology 2011

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